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Tête-à-tête graphs and twists

Author Christian GRAF
Director of thesis Norbert A'Campo
Co-director of thesis
Summary of thesis

The main purpose of my thesis is to examine so-called tête-à-tête twists. Those were defined by A'Campo and give an easy combinatorial description of certain mapping classes on surfaces with boundary. Whereas the well-known Dehn twists are twists around a simple closed curve, tête-à-tête twists are twists around a graph. It is shown that tête-à-tête twists describe all the (freely) periodic mapping classes. This leads, among other things, to a stronger version of Wiman's 4g+2 theorem from 1895 for surfaces with boundary.

On closed surfaces, some tête-à-tête twists can be used to generate the mapping class group.

Another main result is a simple criterion to decide whether a Seifert surface of a link is a fibre surface. This gives a short topological proof of the fact that a Murasugi is fibred if and only if its two summands are.

Status finished
Administrative delay for the defence 2014