## Detailed information about the course

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Title

Dates

September 29 - December 15, 2021

Responsable de l'activité

Organizer(s)
Speakers

Prof. Jérémy Blanc, Universität Basel, and Prof. Peter Feller, ETHZ

Description

The purpose of these traditional lectures is to present recent important developments in mathematics to a large audience of graduate students and young researchers. The lecturers are experts in geometric group theory, dynamics and differential geometry, known for important contributions in their fields.

Program

Jérémy Blanc (Uni Basel): Birational geometry of surfaces and Cremona group

An algebraic variety is given by the zero locus of some polynomials. A rational map between two algebraic varieties is given by quotients of polynomials. It is defined on open sets of points and there are closed subset of indeterminacies. One can however compose these where they are defined and define birational maps as rational maps having a rational inverse. For curves, we may solve the indeterminacies and obtain maps defined everywhere by simply taking smooth projective curves. In dimension 2, this is no longer true, but birational maps are nicely describable via sequence of so-called blow-ups and their inverses. I will describe all this slowly and illustrate it via examples. I will then relate this to the Cremona group, which is the group of birational maps from the plane to itself. No specific knowledge of algebraic geometry is needed to follow the course, as everything will be introduced.

Blanc: Birational geometry of surfaces and Cremona group

Peter Feller (ETH Zurich): Topics in knot theory with a view towards classical algebraic geometry

We cover topics in low-dimensional topology with a focus on knotheory---the study of circles and surfaces in 3-dimensional and4-dimensional space.

The material will be motivated by a topological perspective on problems from other fields. For example, we consider questions from
the study of zero-sets of polynomials and polynomial maps between them: - How does topology help to distinguish singularities of zero-sets of polynomials (following Newton, Artin, Brieskorn, Milnor ...)?
- What is the topology of algebraic curves in complex 2D-space and ovals in the Euclidean plane (Harnack's curve theorem)?
- What are the polynomial automorphisms of C^2---the polynomial maps with polynomial inverses (Abhyankar-Moh-Suzuki theorem and Jung-van der Kulk theorem)?
- What is the topology of algebraic surfaces in complex 3D-space?

With this focus, the lecture will allow for synergies with the graduate lecture by Jérémy Blanc at different points.

I will make an effort to illustrate all concepts with many pictures and examples. This lecture will not rely on specific prerequisites
from topology or algebra.

Location

University of Bern, Room B78, building ExWi (just above the station)

Information
Places

15